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Root Canal Awareness Week – How everything changes over time – Part 2

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root canal

Everything Changes Over Time and Root Canal Are No Exception

root canalAdvancements in training, equipment, technology and anesthesia are what make modern root canal treatments safe and painless. These days, Endodontists are successfully saving more than 17 million natural teeth each year. This is because the old days of archaic dental equipment, low quality x-rays, and unsafe restorative and extraction methods are gone.

Today, endodontists use digital image scanners that not only get a better view of your full jaw, but they expose patients to less radiation than traditional x-rays. The results are immediate and allow endodontists to zoom in on the digital scan to show you a much clearer picture of your jaw and teeth. We invite you to learn more about the following advanced technologies that we use to improve the safety, visibility, and effectiveness of x-ray:

Cone Beam Computed Tomography (CBCT)
Digital Radiography

There have also been impressive advancements in technology that enhance visibility and magnification during treatment. Today, endodontics is viewed as a microscopic procedure. What this means is that there is a need for a clinician to perform the procedure under a magnified treatment field. The use of loupes, microscopes, and endoscopes in endodontic treatment has enabled endodontists to magnify a specified treatment field beyond that of older equipment. This means that we can now zoom in about 32 times more than we used to. Nowadays, the use of a microscope is considered the standard of care.

These magnification technologies, in turn, have led to the miniaturization of both endodontic non-surgical and surgical instruments. Today’s ultrasonic handheld instruments are one-quarter the size of traditional dental equipment, enabling more precise instrumentation. In root canal surgery (apicoectomy), surgical incisons can be much smaller because of the use of microinstruments. As a result, the success rate is higher and healing is quicker and more predictable. Tiny surgical mirrors allow endodontists to see each root channel with more clarity. And microsurgical irrigators provide precise directional control of air and water, allowing teeth to be completely rinsed, dried and inspected before filling material is placed in the tooth. We invite you to learn more about the following advanced technologies that we use to give you the best care during a root canal treatment:

Apex locators
Ultrasonics
Rotary Instruments
Obturation Equipment

As you can see, the techniques endodontists use today not only make root canal treatment less painful, they also result in teeth that can last a lifetime and overall improvement in the quality of life.

If you are experiencing tooth pain, or if a root canal treatment has been suggested by your dentist, call Fifth Avenue Endodontics for an immediate appointment. As your New York City root canal endodontist, we specialize in saving your natural teeth.

Root Canal Awareness Week – Pain, Illness & Extraction Myths – Part 1

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root canal myths

Root Canal Myths

Nothing looks like, feels like, or functions like a natural tooth. When the pulp of your tooth gets infected or diseased, a root canal provides you the opportunity to maintain your real tooth for a lifetime with no ill side effects. Yet many people are still concerned about several misconceptions and myths about root canals that were dispelled a long time ago. Since this week is the 10th Anniversary of Root Canal Awareness Week, an event that focuses on education and raising awareness about these misconceptions, we’d like to share with you the most common myths regarding root canal treatment.

Myth #1 – Root Canal Treatment is Painful

According to a recent survey by the American Association of Endodontists, 67% of Americans say fear of pain most concerns them about having root canal myths treatment. This is a common misconception because the majority of root canal procedures are performed pain-free. In fact, root canal treatment is no more uncomfortable than getting a filling placed, and it’s a beneficial treatment that eliminates pain and allows you to keep your real tooth.

Myth #2 – Root Canal Treatment Causes Illness

Most research that claims that illness or disease is caused by root canals actually dates back to the 1920s when sanitation was a concern and there were other factors that don’t exist anymore. More recent studies found that there are actually greater health risks, such as heart disease, associated with the loss of your real teeth and untreated root canal myths infections or endodontic disease.

Myth #3 – Tooth Extraction is a Good Alternative to Root Canal Treatment

root canal myth, extraction vs. root canalResearch shows that saving your natural teeth has extensive health implications. The truth is that root canals myths are preferable over extraction for many reasons. Tooth extractions are a traumatic procedure and are known to cause a significantly higher incidence of bacteria entering the bloodstream, whereas root canals  are less invasive. Most endodontically treated teeth last a lifetime, which ensures you maintain the ability to chew efficiently, and keep the natural appearance of your smile.

Often, the people who have had a root canal myths treatment are the first to tell you that they’re painless, safe, and a preferable procedure. Here’s what one of our root canal patients had to say:

“I needed to get a root canal and was recommend to Dr. Iofin… He is the best there is in nyc… no need to research any other dentist. The procedure was painless and his staff is extremely professional…Dr. Iofin use the latest cutting edge technology and is extremly knowledgeable and compassionate… He asked me several times during the procedure how I was feeling.. Dr. Iofin is a very talented and understanding Endodontist…you will be in great care with him.”Al J. Mt. Kisco, NY

In our next article, we’ll discuss how advancements in technology have made root canals myths and endodontic procedures a safe, painless and highly effective treatment option for saving and preserving your real tooth for a lifetime.

If you are experiencing tooth pain, or if a root canal treatment has been suggested by your dentist, call Fifth Avenue Endodontics for an immediate appointment. As your New York City root canal endodontist, we specialize in saving your natural teeth.

 

REFERENCES:

*A study done in 2006 by the Journal of Dental Research found that a relationship between endodontic disease and coronary heart disease. An earlier study in 2005 by the American Journal of Preventative Medicine found that tooth loss was associated with a greater risk of heart disease, with those who had lost the most teeth at the greatest risk. For more information, visit www.rootcanalspecialists.org

Dr. Iofin Elected President of New York State Association of Endodontists

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Dr. Iofin Elected President of New York State Association of Endodontists

Dr Alexander Iofin - President of New York State Association of EndodontistsDr. Aleksander Iofin was recently elected to serve as the President of the New York State Association of Endodontists, after completing his term as Treasurer and then Vice-President of the organization.

In Dr. Iofin’s new role as President, he looks forward to giving back and helping not only improve health services for the public, but also advancing the art, research, and science of Endodontics.

As the leader of the New York State Association of Endodontists, Dr. Iofin is responsible for organizing a cutting-edge educational program at the Greater New York Dental Meeting, the largest dental meeting in the country—with over 53,000 attendees—this upcoming November at the Javits Center in New York City.

In Dr. Iofin’s practice, Fifth Avenue Endodontics at Rockefeller Center, he focuses on integrating state-of-the-art tools and patient education into his work to help provide a pain-free (and dare we say pleasurable?) experience for all of his patients.

Because at the heart of it, Dr. Iofin believes comfort is the key to a successful patient experience. His patients couldn’t agree more.

The Fifth Avenue Endodontics team, including partner Dr. Syngcuk Kim, one of the most respected endodontists worldwide, distinguishes their practice as being on the vanguard of technology in patient care, integrating microsurgery and advanced technology into their practice such as the Cone Beam Computed Tomography (CBCT), a new diagnostic scanner that gives one of the best quality 3-D “real time” images available on the market today.

Dr. Iofin practices endodontics full-time at Fifth Avenue Endodontics and teaches part-time as an Assistant Clinical Professor of the Department of Endodontics at Columbia University College of Dental Medicine and Adjunct Assistant Professor at the School of Dental Medicine, University of Pennsylvania.

So yes, you could say Dr. Iofin knows A LOT about root canals and patient care.

If you need a tooth saved, schedule your consultation by contacting us here or calling: 212-757-1000.

TECHNOLOGIES IN THE DENTAL INDUSTRY – Reshaping how dentistry is done

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dental scansThe challenge most people have in seeking dental care is getting beyond their perceptions of it as being unpleasant and invasive.  So, advancements in dental technology focus on diagnostics and treatments that can offer modern technology solutions to traditional dental problems and help to eliminate or reduce discomfort and fear. This is the driving force behind research and development – the desire to provide leading edge dental treatment that combines efficient, effective, and comfort.

To most, it probably seems as though not much has changed in the practice of dental care –however, dental technologies have been experiencing continuous evolutions that have successfully helped to transform the field. All of the following technologies have been created with the intention of enhancing products and methodologies for use by your dentist to help prevent, diagnose and/or treat dental conditions and diseases early and effectively. Here we share some of the technologies now available to dental practitioners.

Laser Fluorescence Detectors are a new piece of gadgetry you may see in your dentist’s office.  This device is designed to assist in the early detection of dental cavities and it is estimated that one out of four dentists in the U.S. are using these new dental problem detection tools. This technology aims to achieve non-invasive dentistry as both a monitoring and diagnostic tool that helps to detect “iceberg” cavities that are out of sight and under the surface, where the traditional use of the dentist’s eyes, hands, and X-rays may miss them.

Air-Abrasion is an alternative to the traditional dental drill.  The system is primarily used to treat small cavities and preserves the existing healthy tooth structure while also eliminating the need to use a local anesthetic. It also enables your dentist to remove decay with precision as it offers a blast of pellets consisting of air and aluminum oxide. The air-abrasion technique can also be used to help repair old tooth restorations by accessing difficult areas such as those between the teeth.

Bone Replacement is increasingly popular for use with older patients as most have acquired some form of deterioration that has resulted in critical and uncomfortable bone loss.  To aid in eliminating the need for complete removal of the remaining tooth or teeth, there are now three types of bone replacement techniques:

  1. Autogenous Man Made Bone Replacement is a freeze-dried material made in a dental laboratory.
  2. Cadaver/Animal Bone Replacement is bone, which has been preserved, processed and sterilized from a deceased individual or animal source.
  3. Grafting Bone Replacement is the technique of taking bone from another area of the patients’ body, such as the iliac crest section of the pelvis.And, dentists can now use “platelet-rich growth factors” to help induce rapid bone growth and healing (platelets removed from the patient’s own blood that stimulate new cell growth and repair). This offers quicker healing time, making bone replacement performed by clinicians today more easy to assimilate into the existing bone structure.

 

And, dentists can now use “platelet-rich growth factors” to help induce rapid bone growth and healing (platelets removed from the patient’s own blood that stimulate new cell growth and repair). This offers quicker healing time, making bone replacement performed by clinicians today more easy to assimilate into the existing bone structure.

CAD/CAM is “computer assisted design/computer assisted manufacture” technology, which has actually been around for more than a decade and now allows for the fabrication of dental restorations. Your dentist may work with CAD/CAM in the office to complete tooth restorations in one visit that in the past may have required twice the time to complete.  Some examples of treatments that now may be completed in half the time are inlays, on-lays, porcelain veneers, dental crowns and dental bridges.

 

Caries Detection Solution is a red dye liquid that dentists apply over a tooth to detect and confirm if all tooth decay has been effectively removed from a previously affected area after it has been treated. This fluid is very similar to plaque disclosing tablets that are used after brushing to highlight any areas you missed or which haven’t been thoroughly cleaned.

 

CAT Scans are 3-D images used by Endodontists to diagnose infections and other problems that are not easily detectable on a regular 2-dimensional X-ray. Scans are very useful for surgical planning for root canal surgery (Apicoectomy) as well as for dental implant placement. Implantologists (dental specialists who only provide surgical and restorative implant services) use CAT Scans in examining and working on the jawbone or surrounding bone structure to produce more accurate results. This technology has become increasingly specialized for dentistry as implants, rather than dentures, are now the standard of care for tooth replacement and preferred to dentures.

 

Composite resin materials are now used in the development of some veneers and other restorations, to fill cavities and create “bonding” to be placed onto a tooth and thus, rebuild it. These resins offer a tooth-like solution and have grown in popularity over the years. They are always being improved upon to better replicate natural tooth colors and ease application and shaping. The handling of and the time associated with completing composite resins, coupled with the translucent qualities of the newer materials, has helped to produce beautiful natural looking results.

Next time, we’ll cover even more new dental technologies that are in use and on the horizon.

The History of Dentistry

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Let’s just say right from the start that dentistry has come a long way! Substantial scientific advancements have been made in the field, many of which have been somewhat underpublicized and overlooked. Treating problems with the teeth goes back to 7000 BC, a Bronze age civilization in the area of current Pakistan. They actually used woodworking tools, drill type tools, to work on decayed teeth.

For a long time, from 5000 BC through the 1700’s, there was an accepted belief that tiny tooth worms got in your mouth and bored holes in your teeth, causing the “cavities”. Many cultures including the Japanese, Egyptian, and the Chinese believed in these worms but alas, they were just a myth. It was in ancient Greece that they began extracting teeth when there was tooth pain, and this lead to pulling teeth for treatment of other illnesses as well. This went on into the Middle Ages.

So who do you suppose performed these teeth extractions way back then? Not the medical community. No, the barbers of their day were the teeth-pullers! They used a tool called a “Dental Key” to extract teeth, the precursor to modern day forceps.

Somewhere between the mid 1600’s and start of the 1800’s, actual dentistry as we recognize it got its start. A French physician named Pierre Fauchard is credited with founding dentistry, and he practiced in the 17th century. It is he who came up with dental fillings, and he is credited with many procedures still in use today. Amazingly, he recognized that sugar contributed to decay, and was the first to educate others about this. In 1723, he published “The Surgeon Dentist, a Treatise on Teeth” that actually described a system for caring for and treating teeth. And so he became recognized over time as the father of modern dentistry.

Another doctor, Dr. John Harris, later contributed significantly to furthering the industry. He opened the world’s first dental school, which was located in Bainbridge, Ohio. He promoted dentistry as a true health profession and his school opened in 1828. It’s now a museum. In 1840, the first dental college opened in the U.S. This was the Baltimore College of Dental Surgery, in Baltimore Maryland. The government began to observe and oversee what was being taught at the college, and this lead to regulation of the practice of dentistry, which then eventually lead to the formation of the American Dental Association.

The dentists of this time period can’t take credit for the development of toothpaste, however. Ancient civilizations would crush up dried fruit, shells of nuts, dried flowers, and talc. They sometimes used various parts of animals bodies as well, and rubbed these odd mixtures on their teeth. Not exactly minty fresh!

We’ll share the history of toothpastes, mouthwashes and dental instruments in an upcoming article.

DEALING WITH A DENTAL EMERGENCY

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If you have a dental emergency, your dentist should be the first person you call. It is smart to keep your Dentist’s after hours phone number handy at all times, because seeing a dentist in a timely manner can make the difference between losing or saving a tooth. But, until you get the appropriate treatment, the following information will help you.

First, ask yourself if it is a Dental Emergency.

If you are not sure, answer the following questions:

•Are you bleeding from the mouth?

•Are you in severe pain?

•Do you have any loose teeth?

•Have you been hit in the face or mouth?

•Do you have any swelling in the mouth or facial area?

•Do you have any bulges, swelling or knots on your gums?

If you answered yes to any of these questions, call your dentist immediately. It’s important to describe exactly what happened and what you are feeling. If your dentist can’t be reached, seek hospital emergency room care.

Here’s what you can do until you get to your dentist.

•Take acetaminophen. Take ibuprofen or Tylenol but avoid aspirin for a dental emergency because it is an anticoagulant, which can cause excessive bleeding.

•Clean your mouth out by gently rinsing thoroughly with warm water.

•Apply a cold compress to the area to minimize any swelling.

•Try drinking ice water if you are experiencing extreme pain caused by hot or warm foods or beverages. It might relieve the pain.

•Breathe through your nose if you are having a sensitivity to cold or if it causes pain to breathe air into your mouth, avoid cold foods and beverages.

•Never apply a painkiller to the gum because it can burn the gum tissue despite what the product recommendations are.

When a tooth has been knocked out.

When you have lost a tooth and you still have it, pick up the tooth by the top (crown) of the tooth and be careful not to scrub it, rub it or remove any tissue. Do not touch the root(s) of the tooth. Then, rinse the tooth off very gently to ensure that it’s clean. If you can, gently place the tooth back in the socket and bite down. If you can’t safely insert it back into the socket for safe-keeping you can put the tooth in a small container or in a cup of milk (the latter is preferable) and take it to your dentist or the ER immediately. It is possible to sometimes reconnect a knocked-out tooth.

Be prepared for a Dental Emergency.
Because a dental emergency can happen at any time and place, the best thing to do is be on the ready and don’t panic. If you are an active person, involved in recreational activities and/or sports, it is wise to pack and keep with you a small dental first aid kit containing the following:

•Small container with a lid

•Name and phone number of your dentist

•Take ibuprofen or Tylenol (not aspirin because it can act as a blood thinner and cause excessive bleeding during a dental emergency).

•Gauze

•Handkerchief

The best plan to avoid a Dental Emergency.
The smartest thing you can do is to commit to making your dental health care a priority. Brush, floss, and rinse as directed and visit your dentist for regular check ups. Don’t let a dental problem go until it is severe.

The Anatomy of a Tooth – and how it decays

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Understanding a root canal or any dental procedure is more easily done when you understand the anatomy of our teeth. The outside of your tooth is covered by a very hard, white enamel. Tooth enamel is the hardest substance in the human body, and it takes a beating from biting and chewing, not to mention the extreme temperatures of hot and cold beverages and foods. When you think about it, it’s surprising it doesn’t wear down and decay more frequently!

The enamel is very hard for good reason – it protects the soft, sensitive insides of the tooth. The layer immediately under the enamel is called dentin, and it too is fairly hard. But under that is the pulp – very soft and sensitive. The pulp is what can become infected or inflamed. Infection and inflammation can come from a number of causes – a crack in the enamel, a chip in a tooth, decay from cavities, or a faulty filling or crown.

Obviously, if infected or inflamed pulp is left untreated, it will lead to pain for the individual. This is why at the first sign of mild pain or discomfort in a tooth, you should see your dentist. When decay has spread up into the root of the tooth, you may receive a root canal from an Endodontist. Endodontists such as those here at 5th Avenue work specifically on the inside of teeth. We are “teeth interior specialists”.

The roots of the teeth reach up into your gums. They anchor your teeth and keep them in place, and are an essential part of a healthy mouth. Decay travels, so it can get into the roots.

Endodontists save millions of teeth each year, by performing root canals and avoiding the entire tooth being ruined. Saving a tooth is always preferable to losing a tooth. These days, a root canal treatment is very similar to receiving a filling. Gone are the days of root canals being a highly painful dental procedure. They’ve become routine with modern products and equipment. Endodontic treatment will save the tooth and reduce the need for further, future dental work.

However, nothing beats good old prevention. You don’t want the exposed part of your teeth to become decayed, which is why brushing and flossing regularly is encouraged. You don’t want to eat lots of sugary foods either, as sugar contributes to decay (and it’s not good for us, anyway!). Untreated decayed teeth can lead to an abscess, and you don’t want that, as it will be painful when it develops.

Luckily, roots can be cleaned out, filled and healed by skilled endodontists whose goal is to see everyone have a healthy smile. If you have questions about your teeth or gums, please don’t hesitate to ask.

Why is oral health important?

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What would we do without our mouth? We eat and talk with them, even breathe with them. They play a vital role in our ability to live and communicate. Why then do some people neglect their teeth and mouths? Lack of good oral care doesn’t just cause bad breath.  There are a variety of unpleasant conditions that can come about if the mouth is not cared for properly.

Let’s talk about oral health. Not something you think of or concern yourself with every day – but nonetheless, something to consider.  Not only does your oral health give you clues about your overall health, but also, oral problems can and do have an affect on your entire body.  How you chew and swallow your food even effects the amount of nutrients you absorb  (can you hear Mom saying, “Chew your food!” ?)

First let’s consider the high amount of bacteria present in your mouth. Your mouth is loaded with bacteria but the majority of it is not harmful at all. Your body’s own natural defenses, combined with good oral care (daily brushing and flossing) combine to keep bacteria from causing a problem. But without proper oral care, your mouth could develop tooth decay, root/nerve decay,  gum disease,  and oral infections. Periodontis is the term for severe gum disease that is painful and makes eating difficult. Periodontal disease can lead to tooth loss.

That all sounds pretty undesirable, right? That’s why your mom always told you to “brush your teeth!” If you develop an oral condition like any of those listed above, and you also have an illness that lowers your body’s immunity (like HIV or diabetes), your oral  condition will be worse/ more intense. Especially if you or someone you know has diabetes, you should take good care of your mouth. Gum disease is more common and more advanced/severe in people with diabetes.

Here’s another startling fact – germs and bacteria from your mouth can spread through your bloodstream and end up elsewhere. Endocarditis is an infection of the inner lining of your heart that typically develops from these types of traveling germs.

There are several other health conditions that have been linked to oral conditions. These include Osteoporosis, Alzheimer’s disease, and Cardiovascular disease. We know that everything in our bodies are connected. We are a walking, talking, highly complex system – and taking the best care possible of every aspect of that system is our best chance for maintaining good health.

Always tell your Dentist or Endodontist if you are experiencing any mouth symptoms at all – from dry mouth to painful bums to small sores on the tongue or cheek lining. Nothing is too small to point out – because you may be nipping a bigger problem in the bud!

Your dental professionals at Fifth Avenue Endodontics are happy to give you a guide to oral care, or answer any questions you have about oral health.

What is Tartar and How to Prevent it

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Plaque and tartar: two words that you have most likely heard in your dentist’s office, and (if you’re lucky) hopefully not during your dental exam! Surprisingly, however, many do not know the proper care and prevention for these dental issues. Lots of us are unaware of what causes plaque and tartar. In this article, we will discuss why tartar is such an issue, and ways to prevent it. You can even help yourself by eating certain foods!

To start with the basics, we will discuss the difference between tartar and plaque. Plaque begins with bacteria that builds up on the teeth, which then interacts with food and saliva in the mouth. The most troublesome area for plaque buildup is the top of the tooth around the crevices between teeth and gums. Tartar is really just as a severe case of plaque buildup. Once plaque hardens, tartar is formed, and it then becomes a hard brownish substance. The troublesome area is again, around the gums, which are the hardest areas to clean. Cleaning becomes even more difficult if the gums bleed, and this increases the chances for the problem to worsen.

Don’t be discouraged, though, because preventing these issues is actually quite easy! Proper dental hygiene will not only prevent plaque and tartar, but even help you at your next dental exam. It can be costly to remove tartar, because it cannot be done at home, so the best advice is to practice good habits before tartar has a chance to develop. To do so, all it takes is to keep up with a few basics: flossing, brushing your teeth regularly, and dental exams/cleanings every six months.

Brushing your teeth needs to occur at least twice a day with appropriate bacterial fighting toothpastes containing fluoride. Brushing should be supplemented with flossing once a day (or more frequently if you like). With that said, dental exams are recommended to keep plaque buildup in check and identify any unseen issues.

Certain eating habits are known to reduce the risks of plaque and tartar, as well. Dentists will tell you that our worst enemy when it comes to our teeth and gums is sugar, so they will stress the avoidance of candy and soda. But there are even some foods you can eat preventatively. Hard foods, for example, like carrots and celery, have the ability to strengthen gums, which helps fight against plaque and the build up of tartar. Another way to naturally clean your teeth is by eating acidic fruits like grapefruit. The acid in these fruits helps clean and whiten teeth, and will definitely prevent bacteria from making a home in your mouth.

Usually, plaque and tartar can be avoided by following these simple guidelines. However, if there is a problem, it is very important to seek professional help by scheduling a dental exam. Once tartar sets in the mouth it cannot be removed at home. Staying on top of these appointments and professional cleanings will prevent future issues and guarantee healthy teeth and a beautiful smile! If you have questions about this topic, just ask your dentist.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Explanation of Root Canals & Crowns

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A trip to the dentist isn’t something that we look forward to, but proper dental care and treatment can lead to an overall healthier lifestyle. Two of the most common procedures that you may be faced with in your lifetime are either a root canal and/or a crown. These are basic procedures that are performed every day in dentists’ offices around the world. In this article, we will cover the most common questions attributed with these two procedures, such as what they are and why you may need them.

The first procedure that we are going to discuss is the root canal. If a tooth has just a small amount of decay, the cavity will be handled by a filling. But in cases where a tooth is infected or has become further decayed, a root canal will be performed. This procedure can save your tooth from falling out or even decaying the teeth around it. In this treatment the pulp of the tooth is removed and the root is completely emptied out/cleaned.

The center of the tooth is the area called the root canal. The pulp is the soft tissue that surrounds the tooth’s nerve. The role of the nerve is no longer prevalent once the tooth has protruded through the gums. In other words, removing the nerve from a tooth will not affect the tooth’s functioning.

The pulp of the tooth can become damaged, which can allow bacteria to form inside the pulp chamber and begin to infect the tooth. This can lead to many tooth and gum problems if not treated properly.

So how do you know if you need a root canal? Well, there are not always symptoms that are present, but there are some signs that may point to a possible infection. These symptoms can be: tooth pain when chewing, sensitivity to temperature, or even discoloring around the tooth. Regular dental checkups will catch these problems before a root canal is necessary.

The root canal procedure can be performed by a dentist or an endodontist  (infection specialist). A local anesthesia is performed and an access opening is drilled into the tooth so that  inflamed or infected pulp(nerve) tissue can be removed. There can be 1 or more canals that are cleaned, shaped and sealed and you are on your way home!

The second procedure is a dental crown. This is a process that can repair damaged teeth and also improve the visual appearance. Crowns are made of many different materials but they all serve the same purpose and cover the full tooth (unlike a filling which only covers a portion). These crowns are permanent and are cemented into place.

The procedure for a crown can take at least 2 visits. The first visit involves the shaping of the tooth, the tooth impression, and the temporary crown.

Like most dental procedures, local anesthesia is used. In order for the crown to fit properly, the tooth must be shaped and trimmed properly for the hard crown to fit. This proper fit will enable the crown to last longer and be more stable.

The tooth impression is the second important step in the process, in which the dentist takes a molding of the tooth to be crowned. The dentist then sends the impression to a dental lab for the crown to be fabricated, which can take about one to two weeks. The temporary crown is then placed on your tooth for the time in between your visits.

The second visit is where the cementing and placing of the final permanent crown is done. This process is very simple and involves placing the crown on without any cement to get the fitting just right and making any minor changes before finalization. The dentist will place the cement on the tooth and place the crown on, then clear off any excess cement. That is the final step and your new crown is set to last about five to fifteen years!

These two simple procedures are reasonably pain-free and help keep your gums and teeth healthy for your whole life.